Chronic diseases in the digital era
While the twentieth century had been this exceptional crucible of transformation of an acute illness too often mortal or debilitating – infectious disease – into a rapid recovery of health by the intervention of a doctor and his saving prescription, the twenty-first century opens up on other challenges. Thanks to vaccination, antibiotic therapy and the organization of social security, the twentieth century put an end to thousands of years of infectious diseases, which were the source of devastating epidemics.
Following this tremendous step forward in the improvement of our socio-economic living conditions, the end of the industrial age in favor of an informational civilization, new diseases appeared related to our way of life, our society transformation: chronic pathologies that are multidisciplinary and often prolonged. In the 21st century, we can say that we no longer cure a patient, but rather that we need – health professionals – to accompany them in healing.
The development of digital tools as new means of information treatment and transfer between the various actors for an interactive communication will bring transformation, adaptation and valuation of our support – formerly centralized – towards an Ambulatory care centered on the patient and relieving the financial burden of the community. The explosion of connected objects and their frequent use by the general public should not make us forget that medicine is about treating people and not data from multiple sensors. These are valuable contributions that allow us to better understand the genesis of a pathological process and respond to it in the most appropriate way. To date, data has not yet replaced human intelligence which by using the digital tool and by joining a network of health professionals can develop a collective intelligence source of development sustainable and improved health care system.